Besh-Ba-Gowah Archeological Park, Globe
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150 N. Pine Street
Globe, Arizona 85501
+1 928 425 4495
Ancient Ruins
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Besh-ba-Gowah Archeological Park, a Salado Culture pueblo, is one of the Southwest's best archaeological sites. Archaeologists believe that the Salado used this complex series of rooms built between A.D. 1250 and 1450 for religious ceremonies well as food storage purposes. But what archaeologists do not know is why the Salado left. Was the pueblo abandoned as a result of internal strife, drought, or disease? Had the population grown so large that demand and overuse led to a scarcity of resources? Where did the Salado go? Did they disperse into smaller groups or return to a way of life based on hunting and gathering food? Did they join one of the other cultures or form small agricultural communities? Develop theories with your children. It will make the visit to this 700 year-old pueblo that much more fun!
The Salado Culture
The Salado people, named after the Rio Salado, inhabited the area known as the Tonto Basin for roughly 300 years from 1150 to 1450 A.D. Like their predecessors, the Hohokam, the Salado were adept farmers. They built canals and irrigated fields of corn, beans, pumpkin, cotton and amaranth, a type of grain. But not all Salado practices resemble the customs of the Hohokam. They adopted the burial style of the Mogollon as well as the pottery and pueblo-style dwellings of the Anasazi. In fact many archaeologists believe the Salado to be a melting pot or mix of three distinct cultures - Hohokam, Mogollon, and Anasazi.
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