British Museum, London

British Museum, London

Photo by Alfredo De Simone

The British Museum is one of the world's top museums and a must see in London. This monument to human civilization, founded in 1753 on a bequest from Sir Hans Sloane, spans over 2 million years of human history and is home to more than 8 million objects from around the globe. View artifacts and antiquities. Follow the rise and fall of ancient cultures. Journey round the world. Travel through time. The British Museum is divided in time and space - Africa, Americas, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece and Rome, Asia, Europe and Middle East - as well as themes - Enlightenment, Living and Dying, Clocks and Watches, and Money. Kids favorites include the Rosetta Stone, Egyptian mummies, and rock crystal skull. The gallery on Living and Dying is a big hit with children as it includes objects from various cultures.
 
Rosetta Stone
The Rosetta Stone is more than a slab of black rock inscribed with letters and characters. It's a key that unlocks a mystery. The Rosetta Stone, carved in 196 BC, was written by the priests of Memphis and records the coronation of the Egyptian pharaoh Ptolemy V. The same text is inscribed in three different scripts, hieroglyphics, Demotic and ancient Greek. - Hieroglyphs was the writing of religion in ancient Egypt. Demotic was a short hand for hieroglyphics and used by ancient Egyptians for day-to-day purposes. Greek was the language of the pharaohs. - At the time of the stone's discovery in 1799, Greek was the only readable language. Francois Champollion, a French scholar, used the Rosetta Stone to decipher ancient Egyptian writing and create a dictionary-like key to understanding hieroglyphics and Demotic. He completed the work in 1822.
 
 
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