Berenice may be little more than a wide spot in the road yet it offers the best shore-based snorkeling on the Red Sea Coast. And it boasts 'hidden' treasures as well. Take a boat trip to Qulan and visit the Maldives of the Red Sea. Take a desert excursion and, in addition to seeing colored canyons, learn about nomadic tribes and discover emerald mines worked from Pharaonic to Roman times. Tour the Temple of Serapis as well as the ancient town. Berenice, founded by Ptolemy II in 275 BC, was once a crossroads and important trading port.
There are lots of fun facts about coral reefs. Did you know that?
Coral reefs are one of the most diverse ecosystems and are often referred to as the rainforests of the oceans. A great variety of fish, more than 4,000 species, and other organisms, such as sponges, jellyfish, crustaceans, and turtles, inhabit coral reefs.
Coral reefs grow in water between 18°C and 30°C and most are found between the latitudes of 30 degrees north and south. Most coral reefs form in shallow water because the algae living in their cells needs sunlight to photosynthesize.
Coral reefs are built by tiny polyps called stony or hard corals. These living organisms excrete an exoskeleton of calcium carbonate, the basis of all coral. (Soft corals can't build reefs because they don't have exoskeletons.)
There are 3 types of coral reefs. Fringing reefs form in shallow water and grow parallel to the coastline. Barrier reefs are separated from the shoreline by a deep lagoon. Atolls are circles of coral with a lagoon in the center.
Coral reefs are under threat from a variety of things most of which are manmade. Sediments block sunlight and prevent photosynthesis from occurring. Water pollution encourages the wrong kind of algae growth. Careless visitors damage corals when they touch the reef and break off pieces.
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